Onderstaande tekst is geschreven door Shantu, op internet bekend onder Shantracer. Ik heb de tekst een klein beetje aangepast ter verduidelijking. Pran=Prana. Prana is 1 van de 5 belangrijkste levensenergieen die het fysieke lichaam in beweging zet. Verder nog wat andere artikelen welke interessant kunnen zijn voor de sadhaka's (beoefenaars van yoga).
The Science of Tejas, Pran & Ojas
Everyone has heard of Pran, yet few know Pran is part of the trinity of Tejas, Pran & Ojas.
The highest form of God is said to exist in Sat-Chit-Anand (Truth-Conciousness-Bliss). From this, the 3 priciples arise:
1. From the Sat (or Truth or Eternal) part of Brahm arises Pran, which gives us a feeling of immortality. In our body it manifests as Vata(or the 5 types of Pran that keep us alive). Disconnection with our Pran causes fear of death.
2. From the Chit (or Pure Awareness) part of Brahm arises Tejas, the power of perception & discrimination. In our body it manifests as the digestive fire. Tejas gives us power to digest thoughts & ideas, & disconnection with makes us confused & unable to discriminate b/w truth & Maya.
3. From the Anand (Bliss, Love) part of Brahm arises Ojas, the power of Love & bliss. In our body it manifests as all the tissues that keep us alive, but especially the reproductive fluids. Disconnection with our Ojas causes us to seek Love & happiness outside our body, when the real source of bliss is inside us.
These 3 are the main elements Vedic Yoga, which is much older than Patanjalis or Hatha or Tantric Yoga (all of which are derived from Vedic Yoga).
Tejas was worshipped as Agni, or principle of Light, discrimination, Atma. Tejas is also a form of the Kundalini Shakti of Tantra.
Ojas was worshipped as Soma, or the Moon. All the Gods drank Soma, which wasn’t wine (as most people think), but the principle of bliss. In our head is a secret Bindu chakra (where some Hindus keep a tuft of hair), which is the source of Soma. This Soma, however is hidden, & has to be liquified with the power of the Kundalini.
Pran was worshipped as Indra, or the principle of Pure Mind & Pure Life Force (which are linked togther). Indra is only born once Agni (Kundalini) & Soma (Shiva) combine, which means the real Pranic force can only be accessed by advanced Yogis.
The 3 elements of Tejas, Pran & Ojas should be balanced in our body. Most people practice Pranayam (ademhalingstechniek), but don‘t know that Pran is useless without Ojas. Ojas is sort of a container that holds Pran & Tejas.
People who do Pranayam, but don't develop Ojas (which is developed mainly by Bhakti) don’t get strong results, as there is no Ojas to absorb the extra Pran they create. Ojas is wasted by sex, which was why moderation in sex is advised.
On the other hand, merely avoiding sex, or doing just Bhakti is also useless, as extra Ojas is collected, but without Pran to store in it, it is wasted.
Tejas is collected by Gyan Yoga, or realising that conciousness is everything, & the world has no existence outside of Pure Spirit. Again, without Ojas, this is useless.
This gives a good technical reason why Bhakti Yoga, Gyan Yoga or Hatha/Raja Yoga by themselves are useless. Unless a balance between the 3 is made, Sadhana (oefening) will not give full results.
Tejas is the power of Kundalini, located at the bottom of spine. It is worshipped as fiery Gods like Durga, Tripur Bhairavi, & Skand (Murugan), who is the son of Fire & kills the demon of ego with his spear of Yogic tapasya.
Pran is located at the heart. It is worshipped as Kali, Indra, Shiva as Rudra, Hanuman. All these Gods are terrifying, uncontrollable & fast like the storm (like Kali can give instant enlightenment, or instant death). This is also the quality of Pran, as it is fast & violent, & can’t normally by controlled (Hanuman was only controlled by his Bhakti for Ram).
Ojas is situated at the of head in Sahasra Chakra. It is worshipped as Krishna, Shiv in his kind form, Tripur Sundari, Laksmi (in her higher form). Meera Bai was a classic example of power of Ojas- she was always intoxicated with Gods love.
How to develop Tejas
The main to develop Tejas is through chanting of Mantras. Mantras awaken the Kundalini (the pure form of Tejas), who is a form of Mantras (Kali wears the garland of skulls, which represents the 50 alphabets of the Sanskrit language). Mantras like Om, Gayatri can be chanted. Another way is to just chant the letters of the Sanskrit language while concentrating on the chakras (each Chakra has some alphabets). Mantras of fierce fiery Gods like Durga, Skanda, Agni are also good.
These should be 1st chanted loudly, then slowly whispered, then chanted mentally.
Silence is another way to increase Tejas. While Mantras directly increase it, silence stops its wastage. Especially gossiping, unecessary chatting, discussing politics etc should be avoided.
This silence has to be not just physical, but mental as well.
Concentration on objects, escpecially a ghee lamp when done as Tratak, is a very poweful way to increase Tejas. When concentrating, the mind becomes silent, which allows the inner light to come forward.
Gyan Yoga increases Tejas. Constantly analysing "Who am I", trying to track the awareness back to the heart. Note this is different from doing everything mindfully, as that increases Pran. To increases Tejas we have to be more active, & constantly use our Buddhi (wisdom) & Vivek (discrimination) to analyse the world, & see the hidden hand of God in it.
How to develop Ojas
Ojas is developed most through Brahmcharya, which maybe translated as control of sexual energy (not suppresion). Acc. to Ayurveda, Ojas is the key strength of the body, & too much sex weakens it in the long term. Note that this has nothing o do with morality, everything to do with conservation of energy.
Bhakti Yoga- Bhakti Yoga is one of best ways to develop Yoga. This maybe towards God, Guru, or the Self. Bhakti Yoga also helps in Brahmcharya, as it transmutes sex energy into pure love.
Control of senses- this is useful not just fo Pran, but Ojas as well. This may mean avoiding most forms of cheap entertainment like serials, dramas, & even news (which is more drama than fact).
Right diet- A vegetarian diet of whole grains, rice, milk & dairy products, espcially Ghee, natural sugars like jaggery (Gud) or honey help develop Ojas strongly.
How to develop Pran
Obviously the best way to develop Pran is via Pranayam, but these must be done in conjuction with Asan & Pratyahar (where one draws ones intention inwards, by closing the eyes, ears etc).
There are many types of Pranayam as I have discussed previously, & are best learnt from someone who has been practicing them for years.
Through Mantra & deities- Kali is the Devi of Pran, & her sadhna gives overall control over Pran. Baglamukhi helps stop Pran completely (which helps in attaining Samadhi).
Hanumanji, the son of Vayu, & Avtaar of Rudra (himself a personification of Pranic energy) is another great God who can help with Pran. The great strength & miracalous powers of Hanuman arise because he has complete control over his Pran.
Passive meditation, like concentrating on the sky, on the void, or at the interval between 2 things (like interval between breaths, thoughts, kriyas etc). Practicing mindfulness (ie doing everything with awareness) also develops Pran. Most Buddhist techniques like Vipassana, Zen develop pure Pran.
Nada Yoga, or listening to sounds arising from inside the heart (Babaji has written posts about this so I won't elaborate) also generates Pran. Not just that, but listening to uplifting music, or creating your own music boosts pran as well.
This is almost concluding the series on Pran, Tejas & Ojas. One more section- one the importance of keeping these in balance remains.
Balancing the Forces
It is necessary to keep Pran, Tejas & Ojas in balance.
However, if one of these becomes excessive or deficient, it causes other problems.
Too much Pran causes loss of mental control, making us spaced out, confused, & the mind & body lose connection.
Too much Tejas makes us angry, irritated, critical & unsatisfied. It may also give headaches,burning sensation.
When Pran & Tejas are low, they make us dull, stupid, low energy with no initiative or zest for life. We become passive & uncaring.
Ojas causes problems mainly when its low, when it gives us poor memory, concentration, confidence & faith.
Factors that imbalance these are use of drugs (which maybe medicinal, not just for enjoyment. According to Ayurveda *all* drugs are Tamasic & hence bad for the mind, even if they are used as medicine), excess exposure to mass media, too strong sensations (light & sounds), as well wrong meditational pratices.
The last is the reason of most so called "Kundalini disorders (when people get sick, physically or mentaly while doing Kundalini Yoga or other such practices). Some people do too much Pranayam/Yoga practices without developing Ojas to hold the power of Pran. This is why Bhakti Yoga is needed, to create Ojas to hold Tejas. But Bhakti by itself is also not enough as Ojas is useless without Tejas. Ojas is also developed by a pure diet, excercise, moderation in sex.
This is not to scare anyone- most (90% or even more) meditations are safe. But if one does do powerful techniques, one should make sure ones Guru is competent.
Our normal state is like a 100 watt bulb, but we need something like a million volts for enlightenment. This energy is provided by Pran & Tejas, but our body cant hold this much energy, for which we need to increase Ojas.
Tejas, which is equivalent to Kundalini in Tantra (Pran Ojas Tejas are Vedic Yoga concepts - this just shows Vedic & Tantric systems are equal), provides the million volt current, but it needs Ojas to hold it. The union of Ojas & Tejas (Shiv Shakti) creates Pran - the Divine Child Agni, Skand, who kills the demon of ego.
Those who have heard the story, Skand was born when demons kicked Indra & other Devas out of heaven, having a boon that only the son of Shiva could kill him. This is when Shiv married Parvati.
In our body, this mariage occurs with union of Kundalni at crown chakra. The resulting son, Skanda(Murugan), Agni, easily kills the demon even though he is a little child. This little child is the pure Pran energy. He comes to those who have faith, discipline & courage to continue meditating no many how many difficulties.
Onderstaande tekst is geschreven door R. Nandy. Ik heb de tekst een klein beetje aangepast ter verduidelijking.
1 - It could be difficult to meditate on forms of a deity. The mind cannot focus for long. Rather, what is easier and more natural is to meditate on yourself (personality). Close eyes and look inwards.
2 - Take the name of any god, and try to find out where is the root of the sound that comes. Trying to trace the source focuses the mind and slowly you lose external sounds and other disturbances.
3 - Sit still for sometime and focus on the breath, going in and going out, consciously. This makes the mind relatively calm, which is very conducive to good meditation.
4 - Meditating when a fire is burning helps to focus the mind much easier. The heat from the fire can be used to push the mind higher-up. You can feel a distinct upward motion.
Eventually, when focusing on the area behind your physical heart, you can experience - in time - a feeling of great and spontaneous goodness and beauty. Sri Aurobindo calls it unveiling the 'psychic being'. As per the older Upanishads, the psychic being, is a angustha-matra-purusha. An entity of the length of a thumb called Chaitya Purusha. This is also known as the antaratmah ETC. and roughly corresponds to the English word "soul", for this entity lives and grows from lifetime to lifetime. Though spiritual practice, when this being/entity is unveiled and its governance is established on the body and mind - which needs overcoming the habits and tendencies of the mind, emotions and body - then a true trans-formative effect starts on the person. It creates a 'child of God'.
Along with this, you can try and create an observer consciousness. Aurobindo calls this the atmah or jivatmah. Basically, separate a part of your mind and engage in constantly observing yourself without participating. That too is a meditation.
Door onderstaande oefeningen een half uur per dag (in de vroege ochtend) consequent te beoefenen, wordt de kans op fysieke klachten in de loop van het leven aanmerkelijk kleiner.
Immers door een correcte ademhaling worden afvalstoffen via de luchtwegen afgevoerd, die anders in het lichaam blijven hangen. De longen worden 'gelucht' en de kracht van het lichaam neemt toe. Deze oefeningen dienen dagelijks voor de maaltijd, liefst in de buitenlucht waar frisse lucht ingeademd kan worden. Daarna kunnen eventuele medidatieoefeningen gestart worden.
Pranayama is 1 van de 8 thema's welke de sadhaka (beoefenaar van yoga) dient te beheersen alvorens spiritualiteit te kunnen ontwikkelen. Voor de inhoud van de andere thema's verwijs ik naar Patanjali, de grondlegger van de yoga.
Voor alle 6 ademehalingstechnieken is dezelfde zithouding van toepassing. Zit rustig in een lotus houding of indien dit niet lukt ga in een normale stoel zitten met rechte rug, schouders naar achteren en kin iets naar beneden. Houd de binnenkant van de hand naar boven gericht als deze op de schoot rust en laat de duim het bovenste kootje van de de wijsvinger aanraken.
Gedurende ongeveer 5 minuten met tussenpozen (hyperventilatie is niet de bedoeling) door de neus snel in- en uitademen. Hierdoor komt er meer zuurstof je lichaam in, en wordt het energieniveau opgekrikt.
Adem diep in door de neus, houdt zo lang als mogelijk de adem vast en bij het uitademen (alsof je klapband met de auto hebt) jezelf van de lucht ontdoen (via de neus).
Herhaal dit een aantal keer.
Beeld je in dat je een stomp in je buik krijgt waardoor de lucht plotseling uit je buik een uitweg zoekt door de neus. Dit is de basis van deze oefening.
Bij deze oefening wordt de buik een aantal keren achter elkaar samengetrokken waardoor de lucht via de neus het lichaam uit geperst wordt, terwijl tussen deze samentrekkingen weer wat lucht je buik instroomt via je neus. Probeer dit een aantal keren te oefenen zodat je op ongeveer 5 minuten uitkomt.
We gaan nu met met de rechterhand - de middelvinger en ringvinger- het linker neusgat blokkeren, de wijsvinger en pink doen niet mee. Je ziet dan de binnenkant van je hand. Vervolgens ademen wij in via de rechterneusgat (Zon = Pingala). Na inademing sluiten wij het rechterneusgat met de duim en we ademen uit via de linker neusgat (Maan = ida). Vervolgens ademen wij ook weer in via links, sluiten links vervolgens weer af met middelvinger en ringvinger en ademen uit via rechter neusgat. Na inademing rechts sluiten wij weer af met de duim en gaan weer naar links. Dit dient met de nodige kracht en snelheid gedaan te worden.
Houd beide handen voor de ogen waarbij de binnenkant van de middelvingers en ringvingers op je ogen rusten en de duimen op je gehoorgangen rusten (Sanmukhi mudra). Je drukt je oren eigenlijk dicht. Adem diep in en uit, niet vasthouden. Je ziet lichtbollen verschijnen en je kunt het geluid van een bij horen omdat je gehoor nu gericht is naar binnen).
Adem diep in en spreek 'Aum' uit, neurie dit na tot de adem 'op' is. Herhaal dit een aantal keer.
Dit waren dan de 6 basistechnieken. Uiteraard zijn er diverse boeken over verkrijgbaar in de boekhandel, maar het is beter om een basistraining langdurig en consequent goed te doen dan 1000 technieken te bestuderen om na een week het boek weg te doen en te verzaken in de oefeningen.